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In English, both Pottoka and Pottok are encountered [1] [2] but the term Basque Pony can occasionally also be encountered. It is considered iconic by the Basque people. They have also been bred with Iberian horses following guidelines of pony clubs, Arabian horses and Welsh ponies. Pottoka is the Basque language name for this horse, both north and south of the mountains. Archived copy as title link retrieved

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Some have complex or obscure histories, so inclusion here does not necessarily imply that a breed is predominantly or exclusively Iberian.

The others, the Burguete horse and the Jaca Navarra today considered meat breedsless so. In French sources, the spelling Potgok predominates. The coat can be bay, black, chestnut and all varieties of piebald made potok of a combination of the colours cited previously. The Basque people were wise enough not to decimate the herds of small horses, as happened in so many their places. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

Pottok (Basque Pony)

Large, heavy, somewhat square head; long back, short neck, small ears; short, slim legs; small, sturdy hooves; has heavy winter fur reaching up to 10 cm in length. Archived copy as title Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Basque-language text Articles containing French-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with French-language external links Use dmy dates from September List of donkey breeds Donkey Zebra Onager.


Its hardiness makes it possible for it to live in herds of more than ten mares and a stallion with little interference from man. The other type of Pottok is the Prairie Pottok. Sociable by nature, the Pottok likes to be with people. Archived from the original on 29 June They separate the ponies into two categories, covering the crossbreeds with a minimum 50 percent Pottok blood under Book B while the ponies with higher purity are covered under Book A. Genetic research by the University of the Basque Country ‘s GeneticsPhysical Anthropology and Animal Physiology department into various genetic markers amongst the 4 indigenous horse breeds in the Basque Country have examined their relationship to other horses.

This page was last edited on 17 Februaryat Book A for pure-bred horses and Book B for cross-bred horses.

Pottok (Basque Pony) Info, Origin, History, Pictures

Its native range extends from the Biscayan Encartaciones in the west to the Saint-Jean-le-Vieux area in the east. Retrieved from ” https: The breed standard specifies: Sincetwo studbooks have been maintained for the official recognition of the breed.

It is deemed by the scientific community to have lived in the area for at least several thousand years. Stockier ponies for agricultural work were bred by crossbreeding with draught horsesalso often with a large variety of coat colours.


The Pottok has made its home in the Basque country for thousands of years. Pottok numbers have been severely reduced by habitat loss and crossbreeding. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Its morphology, naturally, has evolved with ecological and historical influences, but no-one will dispute the fact that the Pottok, after so many years clinging to these mountains, is a primitive local breed. Some claim the Pottok’s origins derive from the horses on ancient cave paintings in the area and thus claim to descend from the Magdalenian horses of 14,— BC.


In the 20th century, piebald Pottoks were bred, particularly for circus use. Pottok Pottoka horse in the Pagoeta Nature Reserve. Moreover, crossbreeding with Welsh ponies, Iberian, and Arabian horses significantly reduced the population of purebred Potok.

Others think that horses from the Bronze Age influenced the breed. In English, both Pottoka and Pottok are encountered [1] [2] but the term Basque Pony can occasionally also be encountered. Euskal Herriko zaldiak Zientzia. Liraina, librea, aintzinakoa Zientzia.