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The making of the parchment is a highly developed skill. For the clay double-headed drum of eastern India, see khol. With the development of the mridangam came the tala rhythm system. Sector 27 Atta, Noida, Dist. The Mridangam is the primary percussion instrument of South Indian classical Carnatic music and dance.

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Archived copy as title All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Students of this art are required to learn and vigorously practice both the fingering strokes and solfa passages to achieve proficiency and accuracy in this art. Mridangamela had been performed at Chembai Sangeetholsavam for the past 35 years orchestrated by Korambu Mridanga Kalari. The statement of the composition is followed by elaborate rhythmic and melodic variations that the accompanists are expected to follow.

A right-handed mridangam artist plays midangam smaller membrane with their right hand and the larger membrane mridanham the left hand. The concept of Mridangamela was developed by Korambu Subrahmanian Namboodiri and is currently propagated by Korambu Vikraman Namboodiri.

Thong hoops around each end of the mridngam, leather thong lacing, and small wooden dowels slipped under the lacings control the skin tension.

Striking the periphery of the right membrane in the direction toward the hull raises the pitch, while striking the periphery from the opposite side away from the hull lowers the pitch. International Institute of Tamil Historical Studies. Belgachia, Belgachia, Kolkata -Dist.


The combination of two inhomogeneous circular membranes allows for the production of unique and distinct harmonics.

Mridangam | musical instrument |

At times small pieces of wood are also put in between these braces, in order to switch over to the desired pitch of the instrument. The pitch can be balanced with the aid of a pitch pipe or a tambura. It is not known whether all round strength training, or playing the drum with the contralateral side of the body may prevent or alleviate these problems. The quantity of this paste is so adjusted that the note given by the left head is exactly an octave or a fourth below the note tuned at the right side.

Though both the drums are loaded with dough paste on their left face, the quantity of dough used is almost double or twice as much for the pakhavaj. Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu Call Murthy Umayalpuram K Sivaraman T. Over this are two or more depending on the thickness of the available materials layers of hard buffalo skin.

Mridangam – India Instruments

mrieangam Puram, Coimbatore -Dist. There are two ways of enhancing the sound, of which the first given here is by far the most common. It is shaped like a barrel whose right head is a little smaller than the left. Opera, a staged drama set to music in its entirety, made up of vocal pieces with instrumental accompaniment….

Mayapuri, New Delhi Flat No.


Out of these three the complete one is made of cow-hide with calf-skin used for the outer ring and sheep skin for the inner mridwngam. Occasionally, a stone, called kittan, is powdered and mixed with rice in proper proportion.


The left face is not loaded with black paste like the mridangaam face, but at the commencement of a concert, a paste of soojee fine flour and boiled rice mixed with water and ashes is temporarily fixed on to the centre of right head. The tone of the instrument is quite different.

The paste is thickest in the centre and thins out towards the edges. It is the primary rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble, mridangak in Dhrupadwhere it is known as the pakhawaj.

Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Therefore, it is strongly advised to notify minors and their parents of issues associated with the drum.

Jackwood or redwood is the ideal choice of mridangam makers, but the wood of morogosa tree or the core of the coconut tree and the palm tree is also used for this purpose.

This page was last edited on 20 Aprilat Nadia, West Bengal Call One of the earliest Nepal Bhasa manuscripts on music is a treatise on this instrument called Mridanga anukaranam.