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Brill’s First Encyclopaedia of Islam — London, Walton and Maberly, Kazbech Tuguzhoko , Circassian resistance leader. A popular traditional dish is chicken or turkey with sauce, seasoned with crushed garlic and red pepper. General mobilization was declared throughout Circassia.

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Adygeya (Russia)

Width px Height px. Flags of Circassians North Caucasus Circassians. One Europe, Many Nations: Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The flag was designed by David Urquhart.

File:Circassian – Wikimedia Commons

The Kabarda occupied about a third of the north Caucasus piedmont from east of Circassia proper eastward to the Chechen country. Caucasus Greeks including Urums Pontic Greeks. The mountaineers leave the aulP. Parliament Speaker Leader of the Main Opposition.

Flag of Adygea – Wikipedia

Bzhedug Bzhedugh or Bzhedukh [93]. Although clrcassian sword is used by most of Russian and Ukrainian Cossacks, the typically Adyghean form of the sabre is longer than the Cossack type, and in fact the word Shashka came from the Adyghe word “Sashkhwa” Adyghe: Consequently, there is an effort among Circassians to unite under the name Circassian Adyghe in Russian Censuses to reflect and revive the concept of the Circassian nation.


Significant communities live in Jordan[] Syria see Circassians in Syria[] and smaller communities live in Israel in the villages of Kfar Kama and Rehaniya —see Circassians in Israel. Besleney [95] Beslenei [93].

The Circassian people were subjected to ethnic cleansing and mass exile clag to the Ottoman Empireand to a lesser extent Qajar Iran and the Balkans. The Crimean army was rlag in one night on 17 September Home thoughts from abroad: War of Independence One-party period Multi-party period. Much of Adyghe culture was disrupted after the conquest of their homeland by Russia in Decisions were made by general agreement and there was no formal mechanism to enforce decisions.

Retrieved 8 May While a few princedoms in the mountainous regions of Adygeya circasskan fairly egalitarian, most were broken into strict castes. Emigration in a global perspective. Upon establishment of the federation, concerted campaigns were mounted in which some notable successes were scored and many Russian fortresses were reduced to dust.


File:Circassian flag.svg

Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 27 March Variou cultural events were organized today on this great day in Abkhazia. Circassians mourn the past—and organise for the future”, The Economistdated 26 May Elections Political parties Foreign relations. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East: Eurasia Daily Monitorvolume 8, issue 1, Counsels of British “Envoys” in Circassia, especially that of David Urquhart, were instrumental in fostering unity.

Zhaney Jane or Zhan [93]. It is the tradition of the early church that Christianity made its first appearance in Circassia in the first century AD via the travels and preaching of the Apostle Andrew. It was green with three yellow arrows and seven stars.

Retrieved 20 August The Circassian Diaspora in Turkey: